Improving EU-India Understanding on Russia

Think Tanks Twinning Initiative author 2020, GPI, Jawaharlal Nehru University, JNU, Publications, TFT, TFT GPI JNU publication summaries, The Federal Trust, The Global Policy Institute

During the Cold-War years, Europe and India engaged with the Soviet Union at very different levels. On many occasions they found themselves supporting the opposite side. Western Europe was part of the American led western alliance. India, however, had very close strategic and economic ties with the USSR, which were institutionalised through the 1971 Indo-Soviet Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Cooperation. Despite the collapse of the USSR and the termination of special bilateral trade relations in the 1990s, India and Russia have maintained excellent political relations. These ties have been institutionalised through strategic partnership signed in
2000 and upgraded to ‘special and privileged strategic partnership’ in 2010.

Development Cooperation Partnerships: Forging an EU-India-Japan Trilateral in Africa

Think Tanks Twinning Initiative author 2020, Clingendael, Clingendael IDSA publications, IDSA, Publications

Competing Asian economies such as China, Japan, and India have in recent years become progressively more active investors, traders, and lenders in African nations. Africa as a continent has figured significantly in their foreign policy strategies. These Asian powers have employed more persuasive strategies to mark their presence, both as bilateral and multilateral partners, in this ever-demanding continent that is strategically vital to most powers in world politics today. While tapping into Africa’s
vibrant markets and energy resources continue to be their prime strategic intent, contributing to underdeveloped socio-economic conditions in the continent through attractive infrastructure
development and human resource development allows these economies to maintain stronger political
contacts to serve their respective national interests.