India-EU-Cooperation-in-Africa (1)

India-EU Cooperation in Africa: Challenges and Prospects

Think Tanks Twinning Initiative author 2019, april-2-event, Centre for Europe - University of Warsaw -Poland, Events, MAHE CFE publication summaries, Manipal academy of higher education, Publication summaries, Publications, Summaries

European Union (EU) and India have been consistently making a sustained effort in improving their overall cooperation with Africa. With increasing economic engagement, the prospects for EU-Africa and India-Africa cooperation would depend not just on quantitative factors such as trade and investment, but also a strategy that convinces the African people that economically engaging with EU and India would be …

China’s-Belt-and-Road-Initiative-(BRI) - Manipal academy of higher education and Centre for Europe, Poland

China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI): India’s and EU’s Perspectives

Think Tanks Twinning Initiative author 2019, Centre for Europe - University of Warsaw -Poland, Manipal academy of higher education, Publications

The concept, or vision of Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), presented in autumn 2013 by the Chinese leader Xi Jinping, came as a surprise even in China, which had been following a low-profile strategy (taoguang yanghui) proposed by the “father of reforms” Deng Xiaoping for the two previous decades. Simultaneously, it came as an even bigger surprise to the outside …